The right to bear arms shall not be abridged.
The Jews are told to pay a tax instead of bearing arms and standing guard. It’s the way things were done in Europe. They’re not citizens. They’re subjects. They pay for protection, but they aren’t allowed to protect themselves.
Asher Levy and another Jewish man reject the status quo. They demand their right to bear arms and take part in the mutual defense of New Amsterdam. And they get their way.
New Amsterdam eventually falls to the English, but the precedent had been set. Jewish names continued to appear in militia lists. Jewish equality began with the Right to Bear Arms.