All the more reason as to why the Baltic states, Finland as well, gets nervous when Republican nominee Donald Trump down-talks US responsibility to uphold its treaty commitment to come to aid of NATO member states if attacked by Russia.
Germany and Latvia are carrying out the operation in response to Russian aggression
The NATO operation – dubbed Persistent Presence – is being carried out with Latvian forces this month in response to Russian aggression.
Germany has around 80 troops and 400 tonnes of equipment, including a deployable mobile control centre, for the exercise.
Five German Eurofighter jets are also flying Baltic air patrols out of the Amari base in northern Estonia.
Lieutenant General Raimonds Graube, commander of the Latvian armed forces, said: “Our biggest concern is the unpredictability of Russia.
“It has proven in Georgia and Crimea and eastern Ukraine that it is ready, for whatever reason, to take military action.”
Latvia has doubled its military spending over the past two years in response to the apparent threat from Russian forces.