If you want to look at how successful Marxist indoctrination was in Finland, just look at nanny state, and how there is not a single party that dare run against it. Also, the fealty shown to big statist apparatus’ like the UN and the EU, there is not a single party that dare show any contempt for either of the two mentioned (save a few voices within a couple of parties and they’re marginalized).
NOTE: Oh, and globull warming is not disputed here at all, the biggest wealth distribution scheme in the history of the world, gets full credibility here. So yes, leftist ideology is still being disseminated in public schools.
In 1975 Finland was in uproar over a teaching experiment in the western municipality of Pirkkala that appeared to use Soviet textbook material in Finnish comprehensive school classrooms. Questions were asked in parliament and the official line was—in the middle of the Cold War—that this was a small, short-lived experiment.
Now historian Jari Leskinen has discovered that the experiment was much broader than admitted at the time. Documents found in the archives at Tampere University show that the pupils in Pirkkala were subjected to the Marxist texts between the first and ninth grades. The children’s parents were not informed or asked for permission.
It had hitherto only been admitted that fifth-graders were involved. Part of the reason for official reticence was the international scrutiny of Finland at a time when it was known for Finlandisation and a geopolitical spot somewhere between the western world and the eastern bloc.
Finlandisation and the CSCE
That year Finland hosted the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, a landmark event that led to the foundation of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe some years later. The eyes of the world were on Finland and, along with some 1,500 news stories published in Finland, news of the unorthodox teaching methods spread worldwide thanks to the journalists in Helsinki at the time to cover the conference.
Leskinen works as a criminal analyst for the National Bureau of Investigation, but he has also researched relations between Estonia and Finland in the ’20s and ’30s, and the Porkkala peninsula’s history as a Soviet base.
He says he is not a member of any political party, and became interested in the case when he received some material from a colleague heading for retirement. The police had investigated the Pirkkala case, but had not uncovered the true extent of the experiments.
Leskinen’s curiosity was piqued, he began to investigate, and the result is his new book whose title translates as Onwards to socialism! – Pirkkala Primary School’s Marxist Experiment 1973-75.
Social Democrats and ‘Stalinists’
Leskinen says that the experiment was the responsibility of those who approved it at the National Board for Education, namely the board’s director Erkki Aho and the then-Education Minister, Ulf Sundqvist.
At the time Aho blamed those involved in realising the project, and they in turn tried to shift the blame back on to Aho. Those executing the experiment were from Tampere and Jyväskylä universities and Joensuu school of applied science.
Leskinen characterises them as ‘Stalinists’, which in Finland at that time meant members of the Communist Party who followed Moscow’s line, not literally ‘supporters of Stalin’.
‘No pollution in the Soviet Union’
The teaching material used in the experiment came from Soviet text books and also the Finnish-Soviet friendship society’s own material. It told of the achievements of socialism and the exploitative policies employed by capitalist countries, especially the United States.
For example the material claimed that there was no pollution problem at all in the Soviet union, but in the US capitalist-owned factories polluted the workers’ environment.
Demonstrations and poster-making were part of the programme. As children entered the experiment they were given a test to gauge their attitudes to socialism and the Soviet Union, and after the experiment their attitudes were tested again.
How can socialism be achieved?
Leskinen unearthed one of the exams given to first and fourth graders. Among other things, they were asked the following (‘correct’ answer marked with an x):
“Why is there no unemployment in the Soviet Union?”
1. There are so few people living there ( )
2. The government arranges work for the unemployed ( )
3. Long-term planning of industry and business (x)
4. Short working days ( )
Pupils were also asked how socialism can be achieved:
1. Armed conflict in a civil war ( )
2. A revolution carried out by the working class (x)
3. Via parliamentary elections ( )
4. By foreign powers’ intervention ( )
The Pirkkala children were a disappointment to the enthusiastic leftists trying to inculcate a socialist mindset. Many of them had even more negative opinions of socialism after the experiment than they did beforehand.
The test in Pirkkala was one of some fifty experiments around the introduction of the Comprehensive school (peruskoulu) system in 1972. The Pirkkala study was the most well-known partly because of the content and intention of its architects, but also because it got more funding than the others. In the final stages it was funded from funds that should have been spent elsewhere, according to Leskinen’s research.
Leskinen suspects political interference in the research produced around the experiment. The Chancellor of Justice limited the research to be published to only part of the experiment, and the officials involved only received verbal warnings.