Amsterdam: Post-War Municipality Charged and Fined Jews for Missing Wartime Payments
Jews, including those who were in hiding during the war, or returned from concentration camps, were taxed and fined for long-lease payments during the Second World War when they returned. This often concerned Jews whose homes had been expropriated for use by Germans and Nazi collaborators. Documents related to this issue have come into the hands of students when they were digitalized before the originals were destroyed.
Amsterdam’s conduct in this issue was far more severe than other municipalities.